Uttar Pradesh



Uttar Pradesh,”Northern Province”, often referred to as U.P. is a state located in the northern part of India. With a population of over 190 million people, it is India’s most populous state, as well as the world’s most populous sub-national entity. Were it a nation in its own right, Uttar Pradesh would be the world’s fifth most populous country.

The climate of Uttar Pradesh is predominantly subtropical, but weather conditions change significantly with location and seasons.The image of politics in Uttar Pradesh has been tarnished in recent times by the extensive infiltration of people who are alleged to carry a questionable reputation or are prone to incite violence.

The region of Uttar Pradesh had a long tradition of learning, although it had remained mostly confined to the elite class and the religious establishment. Sanskrit-based education comprising the learning of Vedic-to-Gupta periods, coupled with the later Pali corpus of knowledge and a vast store of ancient-to-medieval learning in Persian/Arabic languages, had formed the edifice of Hindu-Buddhist-Muslim education, till the rise of British power. The present schools-to-university system of Western education owes its inception and development here, as in the rest of the country, to foreign Christian missionaries and the British colonial administration.

Uttar Pradesh is famous for its rich heritage of art and craft. Most famous centres are zari work,tobacco products,glass accessories like bangles,leather items,ceramics pottery,chikkan and silk garments,wood carvings,flutes,wooden footwear,banarasi silk sarees etc.The state is home to a very ancient tradition in dance and music. Uttar Pradesh has a rich tradition of sumptuous vegetarian and non-vegetarian food preparations, and of sweetmeats, that are best seen on formal occasions.A variety of dresses is worn by the people of Uttar Pradesh and hence, the public scene is always a show of many types of dresses and many colours. Traditional styles of dress include draped garments, such as sari for women and dhoti or lungi for men, and stitched clothes, such as salwar kameez for women and kurta-pyjama for men. Religious practices are as much an integral part of everyday life, and a very public affair, as they are in the rest of India. Therefore, not surprisingly, many festivals are religious in origin, although several of them are celebrated irrespective of caste and creed.


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